Offices in Temecula and Lake Elsinore — (951) 699-8011
Payment Options, if QualifiedSchedule a Consultation
Temecula and Lake Elsinore - (951) 699-8011
Payment Options, if Qualified

Proclined and Retroclined Teeth

Proclined and Retroclined Teeth: Causes and Orthodontic Treatments

At Burke & Redford Orthodontists, our mission is to provide top-notch orthodontic care for children and teenagers. Dr. Ryan Redford and Dr. Michael Burke are highly referred to orthodontists in the Inland Empire.

This article will explore the causes of proclined and retroclined teeth in detail, helping parents understand these conditions and the best treatment options available to address these problems.

Proclined and retroclined teeth are common orthodontic conditions where the teeth are angled abnormally within the dental arch. Proclined teeth lean forward and outward toward the lips, often affecting the upper front teeth, while retroclined teeth tilt backward towards the tongue. Both presentations can negatively affect the smile.

Both conditions can arise from various factors, including genetics, habits, and jaw discrepancies, impacting not only the esthetics of a smile but also oral health and function.

At Burke & Redford Orthodontists, we offer comprehensive treatment options to correct these misalignments, ensuring your child or teenager achieves a healthy, confident smile.

What are Proclined and Retroclined Teeth?

Proclined Teeth

– Teeth that angle forward towards the lips.

– Often involve the upper front teeth (incisors) in overbites.

Proclined Teeth - Overbite Before and After Orthodontic Treatment Images
Burke & Redford Orthodontists Patient We Treated with Proclined Teeth who Had an Overbite that was Successfully Treated with Braces.

Retroclined Teeth

– Teeth that angle backward towards the tongue.

– Commonly seen in the lower front teeth (incisors) in underbites.

Retroclined Teeth - Underbite Braces Before and After Treatment
Burke & Redford Orthodontists Patient with Retroclined Teeth – Underbite Braces Before and After Treatment

Causes of Proclined and Retroclined Teeth

Genetic Factors

– Inherited jaw size and tooth positioning from parents.

– Family history of dental misalignments.


Thumb Sucking: Prolonged thumb sucking can push the upper front teeth forward, causing proclination.

hot to stop the thumb sucking habit
Thumb Sucking can Cause Proclined Teeth.

Tongue Thrusting: When the tongue presses against the teeth during swallowing, it can lead to proclined teeth.

Mouth Breathing: Chronic mouth breathing can affect jaw development and tooth positioning.

Dental Development Issues

Early Loss of Baby Teeth: Losing primary teeth too early can lead to misalignment of the permanent teeth, causing either proclination or retroclination.

Delayed Eruption of Permanent Teeth: Delayed eruption can cause spacing issues and misalignment.

Jaw Size Discrepancies

Disproportionate Jaw Growth: Differences in the size or position of the upper and lower jaws can result in proclined or retroclined teeth.

Skeletal Malocclusions: Conditions like overbite and underbite impact the angle of the teeth and front teeth often compensate for the mismatched jaw position.

Impact on Oral Health

Functional Implications

Chewing Difficulties: Proclined and retroclined teeth can make biting and chewing food challenging.

Speech Issues: Misalignment may cause speech problems, impacting pronunciation and clarity.

Tooth Wear: Abnormal angles can lead to uneven wear and tear on teeth.

Esthetic Concerns

Appearance: Proclined teeth often lead to a “buck tooth” appearance, while retroclined teeth can give a recessed look.

Self-Esteem: These conditions can affect a child or teenager’s confidence and willingness to smile.

Oral Hygiene Challenges

Cleaning: Misaligned teeth are harder to clean effectively, increasing the risk of plaque buildup and cavities.

Gum Disease: Poor oral hygiene due to misalignment can lead to gum disease and other dental issues.

Diagnosis and Evaluation

Orthodontic Examination

– Comprehensive examination of the teeth, jaw, and bite by our experienced orthodontists.

– Assessment of tooth angles and alignment.

Imaging Techniques

X-rays: Detailed images of tooth positioning to identify proclination or retroclination.

CBCT Scans: Three-dimensional scans provide a comprehensive view of the dental structures.

planmeca 3d imaging xrays
Planmeca 3D Imaging at Burke & Redford Orthodontists in Temecula, CA.

Early Detection

– Crucial for effective treatment planning.

– Helps in preventing severe orthodontic issues in the future.

– Early treatment of excessively proclined upper front teeth can help to prevent trauma in active children.

Orthodontic Treatment Options

Self-Ligating Braces

Ceramic Self-Ligating Braces

Material: Made from clear or tooth-colored materials, offering a discreet appearance.

Advantages: Effective and less noticeable; suitable for children and teenagers concerned about esthetics.

Care: Requires regular brushing and flossing; avoid foods that can stain the brackets.

Self-Ligating Clear Ceramic and Metal Braces Patient at Burke & Redford Orthodontists
Self-Ligating Clear Ceramic and Metal Braces Patient at Burke & Redford Orthodontists

Malocclusions Treated

– Proclined teeth

– Retroclined teeth

– Crowding

– Spacing issues

Metal Self-Ligating Braces

Material: High-grade stainless steel known for durability.

Advantages: Strong and effective, especially for severe misalignments.

Care: Maintain diligent oral hygiene to prevent plaque buildup.

Self-Ligating Metal Braces with Burke & Redford Orthodontists and Dr. Ryan Redford
Self-Ligating Metal Braces Patient at Burke & Redford Orthodontists

Malocclusions Treated

– Severe proclination

– Severe retroclination

– Complex misalignments

Damon Self-Ligating Braces

Material: Available in both metal and clear options.

Care: Like other braces; avoid hard and sticky foods.

Malocclusions Treated

– Moderate to severe proclination

– Moderate to severe retroclination

damon metal braces and clear damon braces
Damon Metal and Clear Braces


Invisalign for Teens

Material: Clear, BPA-free plastic aligners.

Advantages: Virtually invisible; removable for eating and cleaning, making it easier to maintain oral hygiene.

Care: Aligners must be worn 20-22 hours a day and cleaned regularly.

Malocclusions Treated

– Mild to moderate proclination

– Mild to moderate retroclination

– Spacing issues

invisalign clear aligners orthodontist

Invisalign Clear Aligners for Teens

Invisalign for Adults

Material: Custom-made clear aligners.

Advantages: Discreet and comfortable treatment option.

Care: Similar care requirements as for teens.

orthodontist for adults near me temecula patient dr ryan redford
Adult Orthodontist Treatment with Dr. Ryan Redford – Braces Day Off

Malocclusions Treated

– Proclined teeth

– Retroclined teeth

– Dental overbites and underbites

Orthodontic Appliances Used in Conjunction with Braces

Lower Lingual Holding Arch

Purpose: Maintains space in the lower arch to prevent shifting of teeth.

Malocclusions Treated: Space maintenance, prevention of lower arch crowding.

Lower Lingual Holding Arch
Lower Lingual Holding Arch

Nance Arch

Purpose: Holds space in the upper arch to avoid molar drift.

Malocclusions Treated: Upper arch alignment, space maintenance.

Nance Holding Arch
Nance Holding Arch

Banded Expander

Purpose: Widens the upper jaw to correct crossbites and create space.

Malocclusions Treated: Crossbite, crowding, upper jaw constriction.

banded expander
Banded Expander

Bonded Expander

Purpose: Like banded expander but bonded to the teeth for stability.

Malocclusions Treated: Severe crossbite, arch width discrepancies.

Bonded Palatal Expander
Bonded Palatal Expander

Quad-Helix Appliance

Purpose: Gradually expands the upper arch to correct posterior crossbites.

Malocclusions Treated: Crossbite, crowding.

Quad Helix Orthodontic Appliance
Quad Helix Orthodontic Appliance

Pendulum Appliance

Purpose: Moves molars backward to create space and correct Class II malocclusions.

Malocclusions Treated: Class II malocclusion, crowding.

Pendulum Appliance - Orthodontic
Pendulum Appliance

Herbst Appliance

Purpose: Advances the lower jaw to correct jaw discrepancies.

Malocclusions Treated: Class II malocclusion, mandibular retrusion.

Herbst Appliance to Treat Overbites
Herbst Appliance to Treat Overbites and Bad Bites

Carriere Distalizer

Purpose: Moves upper and lower side teeth to correct overbites, often used as pre-treatment before braces or Invisalign.

Malocclusions Treated: Class II malocclusion, overbite.

Carriere Distalizer Orthodontic Appliance
Carriere Distalizer Orthodontic Appliance

Habit Appliance

Purpose: Helps stop harmful oral habits like thumb sucking.

Malocclusions Treated: Open bite, protrusion caused by thumb sucking.

How to Stop Thumb Sucking with the Habit Appliance
How to Stop Thumb Sucking with the Habit Appliance

Reverse Pull Headgear

Purpose: Corrects underbites by pulling the upper jaw forward.

Malocclusions Treated: Class III malocclusion, maxillary deficiency.

Treatments for Optimal Results

Combining self-ligating braces with specific orthodontic appliances allows for a tailored approach to treating proclined and retroclined teeth and other malocclusions. For example:

Using a Banded Expander with Damon Braces: Ideal for children with narrow upper jaws and severe crowding.

Combining Herbst Appliance with Ceramic Braces: Effective for teenagers needing both severe overbite correction and esthetic appeal.

Integrating Carriere Distalizer with Invisalign: Suitable for teens or adults requiring pre-alignment bite correction before clear aligner treatment.

<yoastmark class=

Interceptive Orthodontics for Children

Early evaluation by Dr. Ryan Redford at Burke & Redford Orthodontists can identify potential issues before they become severe. This proactive approach:

– Helps with timely intervention.

– Reduces the complexity of future treatments.

– Ensures better outcomes for children and teenagers.

At Burke & Redford Orthodontists, we provide comprehensive orthodontic care for your child. Understanding the causes and treatments for proclined and retroclined teeth is crucial for achieving a balanced and beautiful smile.

If you have concerns about your child’s teeth, you may request a consultation with Dr. Ryan Redford by calling (951) 699-8011 Monday through Thursday or fill out the form on our website anytime. Our experienced team in Temecula and Lake Elsinore, California, is here to help your child smile confidently.

Scroll to Top